Our linear momentum calculator physics tool helps you calculate the magnitude of the momentum of an object in linear motion.
We can think about momentum as the "strength of movement in a body" due to its mass and velocity. Momentum is highly related to force, and there are two types:
- If the movement is rotational, the object has angular momentum, which equals its mass moment of inertia and angular velocity.
- If that movement is linear (translational), it has linear momentum (calculated by this tool).
Our velocity calculator can help if you don't know the velocity needed to calculate the linear momentum.
How to calculate momentum? Linear momentum formula
The formula to calculate the linear momentum of an object is:
- – Linear momentum;
- – Object's mass; and
- – Velocity of the object.
The SI units of momentum are kg·m/s or N·s, and imperial units are lbs·ft/s.
Mass is a scalar, and velocity is a vector quantity. Therefore, momentum is also a vector quantity, with the same direction as the velocity.
Examples of how to calculate momentum
These are some examples of magnitude of momentum calculation in physics:
A person weighing , walking at has a momentum magnitude of (you can verify it with the momentum calculator).
An empty dump truck weighing traveling at has a momentum of or 160.93 kN⋅s.
An elephant can run at . Since they can weigh between and , they can gain tremendous momentum of about (17.88 kN⋅s) to (62.59 kN⋅s) in their charge.