With this specific gas constant calculator, you can determine the specific gas constant of any gas or mixture. You can choose to determine it by specifying the substance's molar mass or by giving its specific heat capacities.
If you'd like to learn more about what the specific gas constant is, its applications, the specific gas constant formula, and how to calculate ir yourself, we invite you to keep reading to find out!
What is the specific gas constant?
The specific gas constant is a physical property associated to a particular gas and is a function of the gas's molar mass. We usually encounter this property in chemistry, fluids, and thermodynamics calculations or studies involving gases or mixtures. We can use it to determine a gas's heat capacity, thermal expansion, and the work done by a gas.
We can determine the specific gas constant of a particular gas by dividing the universal gas constant by its molar mass , as shown below:
If we recall the ideal gas law, we can see how this one is related to the specific gas constant. The ideal gas law is given by:
- – Pressure condition of the gas;
- – Volume occupied by the gas;
- – Number of moles of gas;
- – Universal gas constant; and
- – Temperature condition of the gas.
Here we can substitute the specific gas constant in order to describe the ideal gas law in terms of the specific gas constant as follows:
Because (the mass of gas), we can write the ideal gas law as:
The ideal gas law allows us to calculate any of the variables involved, either the gas's volume, pressure, or temperature. You can read and learn more about this equation with our ideal gas law calculator.
How to calculate the specific gas constant
In the last section, we learned that we could calculate the specific gas constant as the ratio between the universal gas constant and the molar mass of the gas or mixture with the following specific gas constant formula:
- – Specific gas constant;
- – Universal gas constant; and
- – Molar mass of the particular gas.
Additionally, we can also find the value of the specific gas constant as the difference between its two specific heat capacities for pressure and volume. This is, by subtracting the specific heat capacity at constant volume from the heat capacity at constant pressure, we can also get the specific gas constant as follows:
- – Specific heat capacity at constant pressure; and
- – Specific heat capacity at constant volume.
💡 Use the heat capacity calculator to find the specific heat capacity of any substance!
Specific gas constant of various gases
Below you'll find a table that contains the values of the specific gas constant for the most commonly used gases, including the specific gas constant of air, water, water vapor, and more.
Molar mass [g/mol]
Specific gas constant [J/kg∙K]
How to use this specific gas constant calculator
This specific gas calculator provides two methods for determining the specific gas constant: molar mass and specific heat differences. To make use of this tool:
- From the Method field, select the
- In the Molar mass row, input the molar mass of the gas.
- The calculator will show the value for the Specific gas constant.
- Choose the
Specific heatoption from the Method row.
- Enter the Specific heat capacity at constant pressure (Cp).
- Similarly, indicate the value for the Specific heat capacity at constant volume (Cv).
- Once you've entered these values, the calculator will display the Specific gas constant.